•     voice  
    Disorders of the voice are characterized by deviation in pitch, intensity, quality, duration, or resonance that interferes with the ability to communicate and/or is inappropriate for a person’s age/gender. Some characteristics of children with voice disorders include hoarseness, quiet/breathy vocal quality, and abnormally high pitch. School-based speech-language pathologists can work in collaboration with pediatricians,  ear nose throat (ENT) specialists, and/or private therapists to provide treatment/accommodations for voice disorders that interfere with a students education.   
    Many childhood voice disorders are a result of abusive vocal behaviors (ex. yelling/screaming) and poor vocal hygiene.   Here are some general suggestions to encourage good vocal hygiene in children:

    1) Have quiet time every day to encourage vocal rest.

    2) Encourage your child to drink plenty of water every day to hydrate the vocal cords.  Avoid beverages that contain caffeine such as soda; caffeine has a drying effect on the vocal cords.

    3) Eliminate exposure to cigarette smoke as it can also dry out the vocal cords.

    4) Discourage excessive screaming and yelling while playing.

    5) Move closer to your child when talking to discourage loud speaking.