Under the General Laws of Massachusetts,
"... Every town shall maintain... a sufficient number of schools for the instruction of all children who may legally attend a public school therein."
The public educational system of Lexington structurally is a department of the town operated under laws pertaining to education and under regulations of the Massachusetts Board of Education. The area served by the Lexington Public Schools is coterminous with the Town of Lexington.
Established by law
Historical Note: Massachusetts has the oldest public school system in the nation. Dating back to 1647, the laws of the Massachusetts Bay Colony required towns to provide for a program of public education.